Haydn’s Sturm und Drang
Listening: Haydn – Symphony No. 39 in g minor “Tempesta di mare”

*Special Guest: Dr. Rebecca Geoffory-Schwinden

Assistant Professor Music History, Theory, and Ethnomusicology at the University of North Texas.

Haydn – Symphony No. 39 in G minor (Il Giardino Armonico)

Haydn – Symphony No. 39 in G minor

  1. Allegro assai
  2. Andante
  3. Menuet
  4. Finale. Allegro di molto

(you don’t have to be able to read the notes on the page, instead, react to the shapes you see from the notes written on the page).

Brief Biography of Haydn

Some Baroque instruments you may have seen while listening:

Brief video on Sonata Form (Used in movements I & IV)


1. What are your overall impressions of the piece? How does it make you feel? Do you like it? Dislike it?

2. This piece belongs to Haydn’s Sturm und Drang (storm and stress) period. As such this piece was given the nickname (not by the composer) “Tempeste di mare” or Sea Storm.

3. Do you hear a Sea Storm? Perhaps in one movement over another?

4. Try focusing on different aspects of the music such as rhythm (steady or irregular), melody (singable or not singable), texture (block of sound, bursts of sound, dots of sound, or does it sound like a crowded room with everyone talking), or visual (orchestra playing vs watching the score). If you’re unsure about any of these, don’t worry! We will talk about them in more detail.